January 30, 2011 § Leave a comment
Recently, several studies in the psychological field investigated collaborative recall in small groups (see for example Barnier et al., 2007; Barnier and Sutton, 2008; Cuc et al., 2006; Ekeocha and Brennan, 2008; Weldon and Bellinger, 1997), while others addressed flashbulb memories (Brown and Kulik, 1977; Conway, 1995; Winograd and Neisser, 1992).
In general, it can be argued that while psychologists have largely studied memory processes at the individual level (Harris et al. 2008), philosophers and sociologists have investigated collective memory on a global level, mainly referring to nations as communities.
In 1997, Pennebaker and Banasik argued that “in stark contrast to the assumptions of collective memory, most traditional laboratory-based memory research has attempted to understand memory as a context-free, isolated psychological process” (p. 4).
In general, a review of the state of the art on the study of collective memory highlights the need for empirical validations of the vast amount of theoretical research carried on so far.